Monday, October 6, 2008

Pan (surname)

Pan is a Chinese family name.

A Chinese surname that is often romanized as Poon, Pun, or Pon. The surname also sees use in Korea and Vietnam , though the origins within those countries may not be the same as the Chinese one.

One source lists Ji Sun, a descendant of Zhou Wen Wang as to being the origin of this surname. With his descendants having taken up the name of the area he governed, situated north of Shaanxi.


Ouyang is one of the most common two-character Chinese compound surnames in the world. However, it is not one of the top two hundred Chinese surnames, as documented by the Language Publication Society, Beijing in 1990. Ouyang constitutes one of the twenty-odd two-character surnames that have survived in modern times


The Song Dynasty historian Ouyang Xiu traced the Ouyang surname to Di, a prince of . After his state was extinguished by the state of , Di and his family was living in the south side of the Mount Ouyu . In Chinese the south side of a mountain or the north bank of a river is called Yang(阳), thus the Di family was called Ouyang. He was called Marquis of Ouyang ting . Traditionally, Di's ancestry can be traced through his father Wujiang , the King of Yue, to the semi-legendary Yu the Great.

Geographical origins

In terms of distribution Ouyangs have mostly been confined to southern China, especially the areas of southern Jiangxi, central Hubei and eastern Henan, with smaller pockets in Guangdong, Sichuan, Hunan and Guangxi.

Dailian, near Zhongshan City in Guangdong, China has been documented of having extensive History of Owyang, family records and family trees have been created and distributed to family members around the globe, commonly known as the Owyang Genealogy Book

Notable clans

The most prominent of the Ouyang clans historically was undoubtedly that of Yongfeng in Jiangxi, which produced a number of scholars who reached prominence in the imperial bureaucracy. Genealogical lineages and family trees have been established for a number of Ouyang clans around China, showing migration patterns from the Song to the Qing Dynasty.

Immigration outside of China

There was a large immigration of Ouyang's in the late 1800s and early 1900s to the San Francisco Bay area, . In summer of 2005, the first extended Ouyang family reunion was held in , near . Over 200 Ouyangs attended and included speeches, sharing, family trees and documentation. This group continues to communicate using Ouyang Yahoo! Groups and spans members from across North America and beyond.

Famous people with this surname

*Ouyang Ziyuan Chinese cosmochemist and geochemist, chief scientist in charge of the
*Ouyang Xiu Song Dynasty scholar
*Ouyang Xun Tang Dynasty scholar
*P. K. Ojong, co-founder of Indonesian newspaper Kompas
* Hip Hop Artist
*Bobby Au-Yeung Hong Kong actor
*J.H. Au-Yong, MSc, a fellow researcher,
*Ouyang Yongle, PhD, Researcher in Chinese Constitutional Law.
*Owyang Sharon, film production, book author
*Ouyang Lucille, assistant director of many major movie titles
*Ouyoung Juliet, costume designer


is the most common . By some estimates, approximately 40 percent of Vietnamese people have this surname. The Chinese surname Ruan is represented by the same Chinese character .

The prevalence of Nguy?n as a family name in Vietnam can be felt in countries to which many Vietnamese have immigrated: Nguy?n is the 7th most common family name in Australia , and the 54th most common in France. In the United States, it is the 57th most common family name according to the 2000 Census, as well as the most common exclusively Asian surname, a massive leap from its 229th-place ranking in 1990. It is ranked 124th in the Social Security Index. It is the 62nd most common surname in Norway and it tops the list of foreign names in the Czech Republic.

Origin and usage

Even though people with this surname are most often associated with Vietnam, it is of origin, written in as —pronounced ''Ruǎn'' in Standard Mandarin and ''Yun'' in . Today, ''Ruan'' is an uncommon, though by no means rare, surname in China.

Some Vietnamese with this surname claim to be descended from a man named Ruan Cho, a governor of Jiaozhi during China's Chen Dynasty .

Throughout Vietnamese history, many events contributed to the name's prominence. In 1232, after usurping the L? Dynasty, Tr?n Th? ?? forced the descendants of the L? to change their surname to Nguy?n. When H? Qu? Ly overturned the Tr?n Dynasty, he killed many of their descendants so when the H? Dynasty collapsed in 1407, many of his descendants changed their surname to Nguy?n in fear of retribution. In 1592, on the collapse of the M?c Dynasty, their descendants changed their surname to Nguy?n and L?u. When the Nguy?n Dynasty took power in 1802, some of the descendants of the Tr?nh Lords fearing retribution changed their surname to Nguy?n, while others fled north into China. The Nguy?n Dynasty awarded many people the surname Nguy?n during their rule, and many criminals also changed their surname to Nguy?n to avoid prosecution. Thus, many people having this surname are not necessarily related.

In Vietnamese custom as with other East Asian cultures, the surname precedes the given names. Like many surnames in Vietnam and other , the name Nguy?n is shared with with the same surname. The /Hán T? character for ''Nguy?n'' is , which refers to a moon-shaped lute instrument called ''ruan'' .


In Vietnamese tradition, people are referred to by their personal names and not by their family names even in formal situations. Thus, there is not much confusion about who is being referred to as one might expect. However, some groups distinguish themselves from other Nguy?n by passing elements of their names that are usually considered middle names to their children. This practice is more common with male than with female children. Some of the prominent subgroups within the Nguy?n family are:
*Nguy?n Ph??c or Nguy?n Phúc: all members of the Nguy?n Dynasty have this as part of their name
*Nguy?n H?u


The correct Vietnamese pronunciation is , pronounced as one syllable. // is the velar nasal found at the end of the English word "sing". Unlike Vietnamese, this consonant is never found in initial position in English. is the found in the English word "wet". is a rising diphthong. The sound of this diphthong is close to the diphthong found in British English Received Pronunciation in the word "beer". Finally, /n/ is the same consonant as in English.

Besides these vowels and consonants, Nguy?n is also pronounced with a in Vietnamese. In Southern Vietnam, Nguy?n is pronounced with the dipping-rising tone, meaning the pitch of the voice first lowers from level 3 to 1 then rises back to level 3. In Northern Vietnam, Nguy?n is pronounced with the creaking-rising tone, meaning the pitch of the voice rises from level 3 to 5, but with constricted vocal cords, almost akin to a glottal stop heard in the middle of the word. See .

The pronunciation of Nguy?n can be approximated by English speakers as "win" or "when". Writers familiar with this approximation have created puns from the pronunciation.

Notable Nguy?ns

Since approximately 40 percent of all Vietnamese people have the surname Nguy?n, notable people with this surname run the gamut of Vietnamese society. They range from heads of state , poets , catholic clergymen , writers, scientists, composers, professional poker players to executed criminals . Perhaps the most well-known Nguy?n is not known as a Nguy?n at all, but through an alias. was born Nguy?n Sinh Cung and used various names with the surname Nguy?n throughout his career and was not known as H? Chí Minh until late in his career.

Notable Ruans

*Ruan Lingyu, prominent 20th century Chinese actress
*Ruan Lufei, Chinese chess player
*Ruan Yuan, Qing dynasty
*Yuan Kay-shan
*Keely Wee, Singaporean singer
*Anthony Yuen
*Ruan Xiaoqi, character in the novel ''Water Margin''
*A Zhu, character in novel by Louis Cha

Ngai (surname)

Ngai is the transliteration of three in Hong Kong based on :

*, also common in northern China as Wei
*, pinyin: wēi
*, pinyin: ní

All three characters are written the same way in both and writing systems.

The native IPA pronunciation of these three characters is . This causes especial difficulty to speakers of English for two reasons:
*The engma as an initial consonant is unknown in English.
*In English, the so-called "long i," which the sound ''ai'' usually represents in transliteration, represents a complementary distribution of IPA a? and ? ; or represents the first diphthong exclusively, depending on region. In both cases, English phonotactics call for the first diphthong in this case. However, in Cantonese the two diphthongs are distinct , and the second diphthong is the appropriate one.

Therefore, individuals with these last names, when speaking English, may for convenience pronounce the last name as or .


Murong is a Chinese compound surname. It is mostly known as the family name of the Chinese/Xianbei states Former Yan, Later Yan, Western Yan, and Southern Yan, where it first originated . Among ancient Xianbei clans that ranged from the western part of present day Liaoning province to present day Hebei province, Murong clan was the largest, and was awarded by the Chinese rulers as the leader of central Xianbei clans . Consequently, Xianbei people of Murong clan adopted their clan name as the surnames. People with the name Murong include:


* Murong Bao , formally Emperor Huimin of Yan
* Murong Chao , last emperor of the Chinese/Xianbei state Southern Yan
* Murong Chong , formally Emperor Wei of Yan
* Murong Chui , formally Emperor Wucheng of Yan
* Murong De , formally Emperor Xianwu of Yan
* Murong Fuyun , ruler of the Xianbei/Qiang/Tibetan state Tuyuhun
* Murong Huang , formally Prince Wenming of Yan
* Murong Hong , founder of the Chinese/Xianbei state Western Yan
* Murong Hui , Xianbei chief and Duke Xiang of Liaodong, posthumously honored as Prince Wuxuan of Yan
* Murong Jun , formally Emperor Jingzhao of Yan
* Murong Ke , formally Prince Huan of Taiyuan
* Murong Lin , general and imperial prince of the Chinese/Xianbei state Later Yan
* Murong Long , formally Prince Kang of Gaoyang
* Murong Nong , formally Prince Huanlie of Liaoxi
* Murong Nuohebo ,last khan of the Xianbei/Qiang/Tibetan state Tuyuhun
* Murong Sheng ,an emperor of the Chinese/Xianbei state Later Yan
* Murong Ping , regent of the Chinese/Xianbei state Former Yan during the reign of Murong Wei
* Murong Shun , khan of the Xianbei/Qiang/Tibetan state Tuyuhun
* Murong Wei , formally Emperor You of Yan
* Murong Xi , emperor of the Chinese/Xianbei state Later Yan
* Murong Yao was an emperor of the Chinese/Xianbei state Western Yan
* Murong Yi was a ruler of the Chinese/Xianbei state Western Yan
* Murong Yong , last emperor of the Chinese/Xianbei state Western Yan
* Murong Zhong emperor of the Chinese/Xianbei state Western Yan

Mo (surname)

The Chinese family name Mo is pronounced in as "Mò" , in as "Mok6" , and in as "Moua", "Mua", or "Muas". The surname is often romanized as Mok where Cantonese speakers are prominent. According to a study of Mu Ying's Name record, the surname came to be when descendants of the antediluvian ruler Zhuanxu abbreviated the name of his city, Moyangcheng and took it as their surname.

As Chinese family names go, Mo is relatively rare, ranked 168th in the ''Hundred Family Surnames''. In 2004, there were an estimated 73,000 people with the surname of Mo abroad and 15,400,000 Mo's in China.

When not used as a surname, 'Mo' means 'do not'.

Famous people surnamed 莫


*Karen Mok , Actress and Singer, Hong Kong
*Max Mok Siu-Chung , Hong Kong Actor
*Hoyan Mok , Winner of Miss Hong Kong Pageant


*Charles Mok , early Internet entrepreneur and ICT advocate in Hong Kong
*Andres A. Mok, Internet entrepreneur and co-founder of


*Ken Mok, Executive Producer of ANTM
*May Mok , Sound and adr recordist
*Mok TzeMing, New Zealand Writers


*M?c ??ng Dung , the founder of the Mac Dynasty, Vietnam
*Mo Xuanqing , the youngest Number One Scholar in Chinese history
*Mo Yueding , Shenxiao Taoist Sect, in Song Dynasty and Yuan Dynasty
*Mo Teh-hui , Minister of Agricultural and Business
*Ta Mok, Khmer Rouge South-Western Zone commander
*Mee Moua, Hmong American Politician from Minnesota


*Mo Huilan , Chinese gymnast Silver Medal, 1996 Olympic Games


Meng can refer to the following:
* Master of Engineering , an academic or professional master's degree in the field of engineering
* ?, the symbol used for the labiodental nasal consonantal sound
* , a character from the children's animated television series ''Avatar: The Last Airbender''
*Meng, a Chinese surname, notable people including Mencius
* Meng , a children's author
* Meng , a gorilla formerly of London Zoo
* MENG, acronym for Marketing Executives Network Group
* Tonga Fifita, a former professional wrestler who used "Meng" as his stage name in World Championship Wrestling
* Meng, Meng Tao, a notable Chinese in TLL, Singapore